What is food neutrality?
The concept of food neutrality describes all foods as being equal, meaning there are no good or bad foods.
No, that’s not saying all foods provide the same nutrition. Really it’s about removing the “good” and “bad”—the “healthy” and “unhealthy”—labels from food.
The idea of food neutrality receives a lot of pushback from diet culture which promotes the idea of healthy and unhealthy choices. Diet culture advocates for using food and exercise to change the shape, size, and appearance of our bodies.
The major problem with this approach is how much it’s complicated our relationship with food.
The problem with labeling healthy foods vs unhealthy foods
In general, humans just have a natural tendency to make judgments and draw conclusions. So when we label foods as being good and bad. There is a tendency for many people to make it mean something about themselves.
I experienced this and see it in the people I work with. When a part of diet culture, we start making the food we eat mean something about ourselves.
When eating healthy food, it means you’re being good, disciplined, and doing things right.
And when eating unhealthy foods off the meal plan, you’re undisciplined, lazy, lacking willpower, not trying hard enough, and failing…at another diet.
When you make the food you eat mean something about whether you’re succeeding or a failure, you end up on an emotional rollercoaster.
These experiences make food neutrality so important. When you view food neutrally, it removes the emotional rollercoaster and stress from eating.
But this isn’t just based on my personal and professional experience as a registered dietitian and intuitive eating coach.
A 2022 study found people who diet experience high levels of binge eating, food cravings, “lack of control” feeling, and guilt about food and their cravings.
I’m not going to dive fully into food cravings in this blog post and I don’t want to over-simplify things. So let me just say – food cravings aren’t just influenced by restriction, there are emotional and just plain taste cravings. You can read more about these types of hunger in this post.
Still, I want to point out research shows intuitive eating is an effective approach for reducing cravings caused by restriction and learning to have a healthy relationship with food cravings when improving your mindset around food.
How to talk about individual foods
Now you might be wondering, if I don’t want to call food healthy and unhealthy, how am I supposed to talk about food?
Honestly, however, you want to. Base how you want to talk about food on how you respond to different language around food.
You may be completely fine with calling it healthy and unhealthy. But if you feel a sense of guilt, rebellion, or excitement when thinking about sitting down with a bowl of whatever food you view as one that you should limit because it’s unhealthy. Then it’s a sign that you don’t feel neutral about that food.
Or if you feel pride and good about yourself because you ate a salad or piece of fruit. That’s also a sign you don’t feel neutral about food.
I don’t think we really get to a place of feeling fully neutral about foods—it’s ok to feel excited about a food you enjoy, it’s part of satisfaction.
But if it feels like you’re doing something right or wrong because of the food you eat, then consider that mindset may not be helping you.
Instead of viewing foods in an all-or-nothing way (like good or bad), try this more food neutral approach.
Foods have a different impact on your body based on the nutrients they contain. Try to just focus on talking about foods based on how you enjoy them and how they impact you. That’s the part food neutrality emphasizes.
How to use a food neutral approach
The simplest way to think about using a food neutral approach is to decide to view food based on:
- How do I like the taste of this food?
- How do I feel after eating this food?
Make food individual to you. There is no right or wrong here. Just how you want to experience your relationship with food.
Just use the information of how food affects you to guide your food choices.
The most challenging part of this approach is removing all those beliefs picked up from diet culture and wellness culture around food.
You have to unlearn that you’re not taking care of yourself if you eat dessert daily.
You have to unlearn that eating healthy makes you more successful.
You have to unlearn that failing a diet means you didn’t try hard enough and weren’t committed enough.
Here are some tips for unlearning those beliefs:
- Build awareness of your beliefs: when you’re feeling guilty, anxious, or anything around food. Write down everything you’re thinking about food, your body, and yourself. That will show you what you’re believing about food.
- Start to question those beliefs: Ask yourself do I want to believe this? Is it true? Is there a sliver of untruth to this? Why do I believe this?
- Practice new beliefs: As you question those old food beliefs, you can begin to explore what you want to believe about food. Ask yourself – how do I want to experience food? What is true about this new belief?
You just keep practicing this process until you unlearn those old beliefs and establish your new beliefs.
(ps if you want help with this belief? Explore the intuitive eating coaching options to learn how we can work together to create a positive relationship with food, exercise, and body image.)
Other tips for practicing food neutrality:
- Break food rules and expose yourself to fear foods
- Enjoy all types of food (that you want to)
- Removing the idea of needing to eat food in moderation (don’t overthink it and try to limit)
- Trusting your body to guide your food choices
What food neutrality is NOT
Because intuitive eating isn’t the common approach to health, there can be confusion and misconceptions about it’s topics. So let’s talk about what food neutrality is not:
- Eating only the foods you used to label “unhealthy” to rebel against old dieting rules
- Going to make you unhealthy
- Removing all emotional connection from food
- Thinking that chicken has the same nutritional value as a potato
Food just is an important part of most culture. It brings up memories, like making Christmas cookies with my family and certain flavors remind me of different times of year (like watermelon in the summer).
Food is different and not all the same. Yet food is the same in the sense that it doesn’t change anything about who you are as a person.
Unless you make it mean something about you (consciously or subconsciously).
Let’s uncomplicate that relationship with food, so it can be simple, easy, and stress free.
Give yourself permission to enjoy food without adding in the lifelong struggle with dieting, weight, and body image.
FAQ about food neutrality
Can my body really tell me what foods it needs?
Yes, it can. Well, it can’t tell you that you need an apple vs grapes. But you can learn to listen to your body’s hunger and fullness cues to understand what your body needs.
The human body is so intelligent and it does produce cravings for nutrients it needs (like people who crave beef when their iron is low).
How do you view food as neutral?
Viewing food as neutral can feel impossible after years or decades of dieting and food rules. It’s ok if it takes a little time to start feeling neutral about food. Start by just building awareness around the foods that you don’t feel neutral about (it’s ok if it’s all of them). Then just explore why those foods don’t feel neutral. From there we question those beliefs and reasons until we get to the place of feeling neutral about food.
How are food neutrality and weight neutrality related?
Food neutrality and weight neutrality both remove your self worth and self esteem from the equation.
These concepts teach that neither the food you eat or the amount you weigh mean anything about who you are. It removes the moral value from food and body size. It’s all neutral and switches the focus to supporting you as an individual rather than focusing on the number.
Disclaimer: This information is written with current research and data at time of publishing, research may change overtime and updates may be made.